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john ii of castile

In 1418, John married his cousin Maria of Aragon, the oldest daughter of the king Ferdinand I of Aragon and his wife Eleanor of Alburquerque. He was the last monarch of Castile to receive a formal coronation. In 1431 John placed Yusuf IV on the throne of the Moorish kingdom of Granada, in exchange for tribute and vassal status to Castile. John II, (born March 6, 1405, Toro, Castile—died July 21, 1454, Valladolid), king of Castile from 1406 to 1454; his political weakness led him to rely on his favourite, Álvaro de Luna, whom he made constable. Isabella and Alfonso were virtually exiled to Segovia and their mother to Arevalo. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). John II's Regents declared the Valladolid laws in 1411, which restricted the social activity of Jews. John II of Castile, King of Castile, King of León, King of Galicia, King of Toledo, was born 6 March 1405 to Henry III of Castile (1379-1405) and Katherine of Lancaster (1372-1418) and died 20 July 1454 of unspecified causes. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. His favourite, Álvaro de Luna, heavily influenced him until his second wife, Isabella of Portugal, obtained control of his feeble will. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. He married Isabella of Portugal (c1428-1496) August 1447 JL. The marriage produced four children: Of all their children, only the future Henry IV of Castile survived infancy. This exchange is depicted in the short ballad the Romance of Abenamar. Among the most notable of the provisions were; outlining that Jews must wear distinctive clothes and banned them from holding administrative positions. Interesting stories about famous people, biographies, humorous stories, photos and videos. : Juan II de Castilla) (6 March 1405 – 20 July 1454) was King of Castile and León from 1406 to 1454. John II was the single largest contributor to the continuing construction of the Alcázar of Segovia and built the "New Tower" known today as the "Tower of John II". John II of Castile : biography 6 March 1405 – 20 July 1454 John II (Sp. John II (Sp. The King protected the poet Juan de Mena and encouraged other writers. https://www.britannica.com/biography/John-II-king-of-Castile, Fact Monster - People - Biography of John II, King of Castile. He was "[T]all and handsome, fair-skinned and slightly ruddy... his hair was the color of a very mature hazelnut, the nose a little snub, the eyes between green and blue... he had very graceful legs and feet and hands."[5]. John II (6 March 1405 – 20 July 1454) was King of Castile from 1406 to 1454. Catherine, Princess of Asturias (1422–1424), his heiress presumptive until her death, Eleanor, Princess of Asturias (1423–1425), his heiress presumptive until the birth of Henry. His mother was the granddaughter of King Peter, who was ousted by Henry III's grandfather, King Henry II. John was the son of King Henry III and his wife, Catherine of Lancaster. FAMpeople is your site which contains biographies of famous people of the past and present. [2] His mother was the granddaughter of King Peter, who was ousted by Henry III's grandfather, King Henry II. Premium Membership is now 50% off! His mother and his uncle, King Ferdinand I of Aragon, were co-regents during his minority. He had no taste except for ornament and no serious interest except in amusements such as verse-making, hunting, and tournaments. John II of Castile (Spanish: Juan; 6 March 1405 – 20 July 1454) was King of Castile and León from 1406 to 1454. He was the son of Henry III of Castile and his wife Catherine of Lancaster, daughter of John […] His mother Catherine and his uncle, Ferdinand, were co-regents during his minority. He was the son of Henry II and of his wife Juana Manuel of Castile. He was the son of Henry III of Castile and his wife Katherine of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster by Constance of Castile, daughter of King Pedro of Castile (known as 'Pedro the Cruel'). We provide you with news from the entertainment industry. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. John took the reins in 1419 but soon placed himself in the hands of his companion Luna, who contested the influence of Ferdinand’s sons in Castile. The siblings were later moved to Henry's court at Madrid and were placed in the household of Henry’s wife, Queen Joan. After Luna had connived at a murder, the tide turned; and in 1453 John II was persuaded to arrest and execute his favourite. John was amiable, weak, and dependent on those about him. © Copyright © 2012-2020 Stories People All rights reserved. From ‘Crónica de Juan II’ by Lorenza Galindez de Carvajal (1517). During John’s reign the revival of learning had its effect on the culture of the court and nobility. John succeeded his father on 25 December 1406, and united in his person the claims of both Peter and Henry II. [4] This exchange is depicted in the short ballad the Romance of Abenamar. He married Maria of Aragon (1396-1445) 1418 JL. English: John II of Castile (Spanish: Juan II de Castilla; Toro, 6 March 1405 – Valladolid, 20 July 1454) was King of Castile and León from 1406 to 1454, and he was son of the king Henry III of Castile and his wife, Catherine of Lancaster. John II died in 1454, following which Henry ascended as King Henry IV of Castile. John II of Castile (Spanish: Juan; 6 March 1405 – 20 July 1454) was King of Castile[1] and León from 1406 to 1454. John II's reign, lasting 48 years, was one of the longest in Castilian history, but John himself was not a particularly capable monarch. When Ferdinand died in 1416, his mother was sole regent until she died as well, in 1418. John II of Castile declared the Valladolid laws, which restricted the social activity of Jews. Among the most notable of the provisions were outlining that Jews must wear distinctive clothes and banned them from holding administrative positions. At her instigation, he dismissed and executed his faithful and able servant, an act which is said to have caused him much remorse. He was nevertheless considered a man of cultivated taste and a patron of poets. He was the son of Henry III of Castile and his wife Catherine of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster by Constance of Castile, daughter of King Peter of Castile. He was nevertheless considered a man of cultivated taste and a patron of poets. John I (Spanish: Juan I; 24 August 1358 – 9 October 1390) was king of the Crown of Castile from 1379 until 1390. He was "[T]all and handsome, fair-skinned and slightly ruddy… his hair was the color of a very mature hazelnut, the nose a little snub, the eyes between green and blue… he had very graceful legs and feet and hands." John II died on July 20, 1454 at Valladolid. He died on 20 July 1454, at Valladolid. John II of Castile (Spanish: Juan; 6 March 1405 – 20 July 1454) was King of Castile and León from 1406 to 1454. It was one of the many misfortunes of Castile that the long reign of John II—forty-nine years—should have been granted to one of the least capable of its kings. : Juan II de Castilla) (6 March 1405 – 20 July 1454) was King of Castile and León from 1406 to 1454. Updates? John II sequestered his son, the future Henry IV, at Segovia, giving rise to fresh rivalries. Regency. John II, (born March 6, 1405, Toro, Castile—died July 21, 1454, Valladolid), king of Castile from 1406 to 1454; his political weakness led him to rely on his favourite, Álvaro de Luna, whom he made constable. In 1430 a settlement was reached, and John II led a campaign against Granada, defeating the Muslims in the Battle of Higueruela (1431). He and Luna vanquished the dissidents at the Battle of Olmedo in 1445.

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