• November 13, 2020
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east oakland demographics

Rappers like Too Short incorporated drugs, violence, prostitution and gang life into their music, in sharp contrast to much of the East Coast hip hop of the day. Main northwest–southeast thoroughfares include East 14th Street (renamed International Blvd. [4] In dominantly African American neighborhoods, such as Central East Oakland, between 40-70% of the population were without high school diplomas. [3] This area supported the Ku Klux Klan which shows that even in the East Bay there was racial tension and segregation. Elmhurst was originally a separate town, it was annexed by Oakland in 1909, and today is considered part of East Oakland. Those who did not work as servants were hit by the Great Depression in the late 1920s and early 1930s which caused employment to drop by 41 percent in three years. Asians saw a smaller amount of the population without education with 39.3% without high school diplomas and 22.8% with bachelor's degrees.[10]. 13% of children in East Oakland also experience fair or poor health, a rate much higher than that of California (7%) or Alameda County (5%). Fruitvale has become the backbone of Oakland's Latino community, in which East Oakland had a rapid increase of 132% of Latinos between 1990 and 2000. ��mG�2����(l1{M��8�[!Fƶ���� k�۴���|�`�5�}B8�����7w1�����w�����(DV�!�QqD�$;�xp6��1ڧ�ME�m��W��J��?�[Mͮ��"���. East Oakland, together with West Oakland and portions of North Oakland, is a hub for Northern California's African American community. Similar patterns are also prevalent in children ages 0–17, with approximately 48% of children diagnosed with obesity, compared to 29% within the state of California. Some estimates presented here come from sample data, and thus have sampling errors that may render some apparent differences between geographies statistically indistinguishable. [10] For the whites who stayed, it was often because they were too poor to relocate and saw an unemployment rate of 30%. By going across East Oakland and classifying it as a food desert and critiquing the limited access to healthy food, they pushed for liquor and corner stores to have fresh produce and nutritious staple foods visible and affordable to the members of the community. Parents in East Oakland are less likely to feel that their neighbors get along, can be trusted, or are willing to help each other than their state coun-terparts. Latinos make up 38% of the population of East Oakland. endobj Race and Hispanic origin in Oakland as a percentage of the total population, expressed as percentage point difference from California. YPAR 2.0 is a method of conducting research done by the youth in the community to try and address the problems they and their families face. [33] The participants claim that they knew how to eat healthy and about the importance of a nutritious diet, but the availability and cost of the food outweighed potential health outcomes. Furthermore, even when having healthcare coverage, Blacks continue to be the highest users of the emergency department, with 15% enrolled in governmental programs whilst consisting of 43% of frequent ER users. [37] Because it is cheap and available, these are the foods that people buy although they have little to no nutritional value and make people at a higher risk for diabetes, obesity, and other health problems. %���� [35] The smaller commercial stores that did stick around were forced to raise the prices of their food and focus more on selling alcohol and tobacco products to stay afloat. QuickFacts data are derived from: Population Estimates, American Community Survey, Census of Population and Housing, Current Population Survey, Small Area Health Insurance Estimates, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates, State and County Housing Unit Estimates, County Business Patterns, Nonemployer Statistics, Economic Census, Survey of Business Owners, Building Permits. [28], East Oakland ranks amongst the lowest communities to provide healthcare coverage to adults and children. Households with a computer, percent, 2014-2018. x��[[o�ȱ~7���� ����7^��f=����&3Av���h�g$�+�6�_����)�$'�m���U_]�YL�~I~���/7�>$��u�㇛��������y�m����.y8?cR&9�+��s�H��ꌳd�>?���n��J>l����%��IoA��,�T��&c2��x���-��$� m!xV����5���&��X krQ LgeU o�*��4����~d�}V��;@QK�e�-3Q%_�"��x�৬e�]����O�g����h�)�g}Z�v)��!��E�?��3���6�T��mVx�K/��>�����5e�l�^��m Oakland was declared a city in 1852 where it was prominently populated by people who made it to the west during the Gold Rush. Although it was historically a white working-class neighborhood, it became predominantly African American after World War II, and today, Latinos now form about half of Elmhurst's population. 2 0 obj In the 1990s, the neighborhood held an annual summer get-together called the Never Worry Picnic as a contrast to a crime rate that is 191% higher than the national average. <>/Font<>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 13 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> [22], East Oakland displays a significantly higher rate of common health conditions, with residents cumulatively experiencing 32% obesity, compared to 21% amongst all of California. [1], East Oakland stretches between Lake Merritt in the northwest and San Leandro in the southeast. [4] With the redistribution of living, this area, known as Brooklyn (until it was also annexed by the city in 1909) became the backbone of Oakland's African American community and caused an exodus of more prosperous whites to suburbs south and east of the city, such as San Leandro, Hayward and Walnut Creek. stream [7] After the attack on Pearl Harbor, the US government invested large sums of money on defense which created new jobs and opportunities on the coast and in the bay specifically. Teens in East Oakland are just as likely as teens [2], East Oakland is a section of Oakland that has experienced many changes to its population as the West attracted immigrants in search of employment. 52% of adults and 40% of children remain insured by private insurance companies, compared to 61% and 57% coverage throughout the state of California. Along with the socioeconomic disparities that people in East Oakland face, is the issue of food scarcity. The Brookfield District is located from 85th Avenue to 98th Avenue. [3] Despite the new influx of African Americans, the East Oakland hills were known as “the Bible Belt” because of the white, Protestant community that occupied those houses. White 1 Hispanic 2 Black Asian Mixed 1 Other 1 -11.0% [10] Nonetheless, African Americans predominate in East Oakland, where they represent over 54% of East Oakland's residents. Both Foothill Boulevard and MacArthur Boulevard, which run through the heart of East Oakland, were a part of the Lincoln Highway, the first transcontinental highway, from 1913 until 1927.[6]. 4 0 obj Heart disease, leading in chronic diseases amongst elders, accounts for over 19,500 hospitalizations each year. [7] Immigrants were forced to live in overcrowded quarters and even started sleeping on the streets because the housing that was being built was reserved for whites so minorities were pushed out of the city and forced to relocate to the outskirts of East Oakland. Amongst all ER visits, Blacks and Hispanics had the most frequent visits in 2011, with four times more visits compared to whites and Asian/Pacific Islanders. [23] Amongst older adults, due to increases in disabilities (accounting for 42% of disabilities), there is a greater onset of chronic diseases, accounting for 64% of deaths primarily in cancer, heart diseases, Alzheimer's, stroke, and respiratory diseases. [12] Though the population of whites had decreased, they still made up 4% of the population. The area is a major hub of Northern California's black community, with over 50% of East Oakland's inhabitants being black. to Oakland International Airport), and 98th Ave. East Oakland is home to Holy Names University, Mills College, the Oakland Zoo, the Oakland Coliseum and Oakland Arena. 161,483. Hip hop culture is associated with East Oakland. [7] With the increase of workers, a housing crisis soon followed. Additionally, the majority of the population of East Oakland are Latinos and African Americans, both groups who have higher predisposition to alcohol-related diseases. 3 0 obj [4], In 1969 the Economic Development Administration (EDA) declared that they would no longer fund large businesses or facilities but rather focus on creating jobs for the unemployed and poor, which in Oakland meant the ethnic minorities. Some studies have found that food was considered one of the highest priorities and came second to shelter. This page was last edited on 24 November 2020, at 13:29. A list of notable people who have lived or currently live in East Oakland: 37°46′N 122°12′W / 37.77°N 122.2°W / 37.77; -122.2, Neighborhoods of Oakland in Alameda, California, United States, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "East Oakland: Community Information Book Update", "The Lincoln Highway - General Highway History - Highway History - Federal Highway Administration", "The color of power: Racial coalitions and political power in Oakland by Frédérick Douzet, translated by GeorgeHoloch, University of Virginia Press, Charlottesville, 2012, 312 pp., cloth US$49.50 (ISBN 978-0813932811)", "Oakland, California (CA) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news, sex offenders", "Foot Hill Square, Oakland Race and Ethnicity", "Inside the music and mind of Blazers guard Damian Lillard", Arcadia Park, Oakland, CA neighborhood | Nextdoor, Coliseum, Oakland, CA neighborhood | Nextdoor, Columbia Gardens, Oakland, CA neighborhood | Nextdoor, "Realities of Medical Practices: Serving African Americans in East Oakland", "Poverty and Health Prospective Evidence from the Alameda County Study", "ALAMEDA COUNTY PLAN FOR OLDER ADULTS FISCAL YEAR 2016-2017", "Challenges to Mainstream Health Care in Oakland's Underserved Communities", "A Community-Based Collaboration to Assess and Improve Medical Insurance Status and Access to Health Care of Latino Children", "Food insecurity, chronic illness, and gentrification in the San Francisco Bay Area: An example of structural violence in United States public policy", "Youth Participatory Action Research (YPAR) 2.0: how technological innovation and digital organizing sparked a food revolution in East Oakland", "East Oakland corner stores take a healthy turn", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=East_Oakland,_Oakland,_California&oldid=990435332, African-American history in Oakland, California, Articles needing additional references from April 2013, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia introduction cleanup from December 2016, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from December 2016, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

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